Enfield, CT - 06082 & 06083 

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About Enfield Connecticut:

Enfield sits on the border with Longmeadow, Massachusetts to the north, Somers to the east, East Windsor and Windsor Locks to the south and the Connecticut River to the west.

History

Enfield was originally inhabited by the Pocomtuc tribe, and contained their two villages of Scitico and Nameroke. Enfield was settled in 1679 by settlers from Salem, Massachusetts. Enfield was incorporated in Massachusetts in 1683. In 1749, the town seceded and became part of Connecticut.

Jonathan Edwards preached his famous sermon, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" in Enfield. This sermon is one of the most famous sermons ever scripted. This was part of the Great Awakening Revival that struck New England in the mid-1700s and spread throughout Western Civilization.

The modern town of Enfield was formed through the merging of Enfield, Thompsonville, and Hazardville. Hazardville was named for Colonel Augustus George Hazard (1802-1868) whose company, manufactured gun powder in a part of the town known as Powder Hollow from the 1830s to the 1910s. In fact, in the 1989 film Glory boxes of gun powder can be seen with the words Enfield, CT printed on the sides. Most of the gun powder that the Union used in the Civil War was made in Enfield, Connecticut.[citation needed] Over 60 people died in explosions in Powder Hollow during the years when gun powder was manufactured there. The mill blew up several times, but was set up so that if one building blew up, the rest would not follow in a chain reaction. The ruins of these buildings and the dams are open to the public. Powder Hollow is now home to baseball fields and hiking trails.

Enfield (CT) Shaker Village in c. 1910
Enfield (CT) Shaker Village in c. 1910

Enfield (CT) Shaker Village

In 1793, a historic Shaker village, one of nineteen scattered from Maine to Kentucky, was established in the town. The Utopian religious sect practiced celibate, communal living, and are today renowned for their simple architecture and furniture. Membership eventually dwindled, however, and the village disbanded. The property has since been redeveloped by the Enfield Correctional Institution, still located on "Shaker Road."

The presumption that Enfield was named for the town near London is incorrect. According to Dr. Frank Taylor, a noted historian of the town, Enfield was named, in a pattern similar to its neighboring towns of Springfield, Massachusetts (once Northfield) and Suffield, Connecticut (once Southfield). The neighborhood of Old Enfield in Austin, Texas is a namesake of Enfield, Connecticut, largely named by the family of Elisha M. Pease former governor of Texas who was born in Enfield, and whose great-great grandfather helped found Enfield as part of Massachusetts in the late seventeenth century.

Enfield is home to the U.S. headquarters of Danish plastic building toy manufacturer LEGO, which is also the town's largest employer. In June 2006, the company announced that they would be laying off over 290 employees and begin outsourcing jobs to Mexico. Hallmark Cards is the second-largest employer. In the past, Enfield manufactured carpet and gunpowder. The town contains several shopping centers, including Enfield Square Mall.

Neighborhoods

Historical neighborhoods in Enfield are:

Enfield Historical District- Listed in the National Register of Historical Districts, the Enfield Historical District runs along Enfield Street (U.S. Route 5). Many old homes dating back to the mid-1700s were built from 1106-1492 Enfield Street. Varying styles of architecture are noted including Late Victorian, Georgian and 19th Century Revival. The Enfield Town Hall museum as well as one of the oldest Congregational Churches in America can be found here.

Hazardville - Named after General Hazard, this neighborhood encompasses a few smaller burbs, including Powder Hollow, and more recently, the center of Enfield has began to encroach on this historical area. The center of Hazardville is located between the streets of Park Street and North Street on Hazard Avenue. When walking around, you'll be surprised by the eclectic group of shops, from Gayle's Thyme Herbal Apothecary, The Cranberry Scoop Gift Shop, Smoke n' Leather, to pizza shops,and parks, a good area to live in, with a pretty low crime rate, and reputable schools nearby. [neutrality disputed]

North Thompsonville - Mostly residential and partially commercial area of Enfield with many parks and schools.

Scitico - Scitico is on the eastern end of town. Green Manor is considered part of Scitico. This is a suburb in the purest sense, with winding roads, sidewalks, parks, and cul-de-sacs.

Shaker Pines - Neighborhood mostly consists of tall pine trees towering above the quaint lakeside houses. Low crime rate and lower property values relative to most of the rest of town.

Sherwood Manor

Southwood Acres - A village contained within the town of Enfield. This neighborhood is almost entirely residential.

Thompsonville - Named after Orrin Thompson, Thompsonville is the town center of Enfield with a more urban environment. In the past few years, there has been an attempt to revitalize the downtown area.[1] On the southbound portion of Pearl Street there are many old Victorians. There are also many boat launches onto the bordering Connecticut River. Planning has started for renovating an old building into a commuter rail station on the not yet built New Haven-Hartford-Springfield Line.

Most content provided by Wikipedia, "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enfield%2C_Connecticut"

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